Saturday, 16 April 2016

Online Journalism: Heat stroke

We often heard that every media always show the current issues that happened in world today. The current issues that happened now is the El-Nino phenomenon in Malaysia on 2016 and it has lead to heat stroke. Even that the issues are new but many bloggers writing about that illness. Heat Stroke is the most serious form of heat injury and is considered a medical emergency. Heat stroke also known as sunstroke which is can cause damage to the brain and other internal organs. Heat stroke is a condition caused by your body overheating, usually as a result of prolonged exposure to or physical exertion in high temperatures.

                        Source: Google images

Equinox phenomenon where the sun will be at the centre of the equator with a high temperature. This often happened in afternoon at 12.00 to 3.00 p.m. This phenomenon also frequently happened on March and also September.The high temperature that happened make we exposed to the heat stroke that is the temperature that over than 40.5 celcius. The normal body temperature of human should be 37 celcius and if it is more than that, it will lead to fever or may cause heat stroke as stated above. 

When our body temperature over than normal temperature, we will feel our body sweating and we will feel very hot. If it is happened continuously, it will make our body loss of water . Then, we will experience dehydration, epilepsy, and our brain cannot be functioning well and also can lead to death. Other than that, heat stroke also can attack everybody and it is not specific to one's person. It also can happened to animals and also our pets. However, the most individuals that have a high risk to have a heat stroke is old folks, diabetes patient, obesity and also people that have hipertiroidisme. 

According the blogs has been written by bloggers about the heat stroke they writing in various way to give reader understand about the phenomena. Then, it also have similarities and differences about the writing. We have take some blogs that have been writing this phenomena. In the blog writer most writing about the dangerous, symptoms, prevention and death cases happened.

For instant, that illness can bring someone to death because of body overheating and it can attack the brain until brain cannot be function. For example in Malaysia first cases of the heat stroke is on 17 March 2016 a male 23 years old has dead during event ice breaking  he collapsed at parade square. After that have 11 cases heat exhaustion and three patients has been recognize as heat stroke illness at Putrajaya. Causes of the death cases Kementerian Kesihatan has came out the campaign about dangerous of heat stroke. In television like RTM and TV3 always show about the symptoms, how to prevent and teach society do and do not do during El Nino phenomena. This is written in Rapi's blog and Siakap Keli's blog. They writing the same issue for all people or society alert about the phenomena.
For Siakap Keli News, the writer only explain about the people death cause of heat stroke. The writer not mention the symptoms and how to prevent the phenomena compare Rapi's news/blog, the writer mention about dangerous of the heatstroke. Then they mention how to know the symptom if someone get heatstroke and how to prevent the symptoms for not become worse. Utusan online writing about heatstroke in different way which is they only mention about the death causes of heatstroke. The writer did not mention about the how to prevent and symptoms of heat stroke. So, we can see differences of blog have different ways of they present their idea about the certain issues. 

There is several type of prevention for person who infect with heat stroke. Victims must receive immediate treatment to avoid permanent organ damage. First and foremost, cool the victim. Get the victim to a shady area, remove clothing, apply cool water to the skin, fan the victim to promote sweating and evaporation and place ice packs under armpits and groin. If the person is able to drink liquids, have them drink cool water or other cool beverages that do not contain alcohol or caffeine. But the most important measures to prevent heat stroke are avoiding vigorous physical activities in hot and humid weather and also avoid becoming dehydrated.
There are several step that need to be consideration for the people that have heat stroke. One of it is to stay at the cold place and at the shady place that no too exposed to the sunlight. Beside that, the high temperature can be reduced if the individuals placed under the fan and wipe the body with a wet towel. Patient also can bath to reduced the body temperature. Instead of that, the another step that should be taken is to avoid ourselves with the outdoor activities that exposed to the sunlight. The patient also should be encourages themselves to drink a water in a lot of quantities or at least 3 liter per day. Then the picture as follow are one of the way how to give more understanding for people.

1. What are the similarities and differences in reporting?
Some blog have similarities and differences way of blogger represent their writing.   For instant the similarities of the blog are the report has a same content, which is report about the heat stroke. The  information in both print media and online media are same. For example in utusan Online and printed news Utusan. The story or issues that have write are the same and it the same with other blog write the same topic. Beside that, all blogger can writing all what they know about the issues

The similarities of blog is many advertisement and the blogger decorate their blog being more interesting to attract readers. Then they use the simple     words and sentences for the readers to understand what they try to present.
However this blog also have differences such as;

(A) Formal and informal report
In online media, the reporters can use informal words in their reports. For example, the writer can use his own words in his blogs about the heat stroke. The writer also use mixed word and sentences in the writing such as in blog Sirap Limau. The blogger use Bahasa Malaysia and English in writing their report. On the other hand, the writers in print media are using the formal words to write their reports. This is because the reader can easily understand what the writer present. Then it not only citizen read but for among politician. If the news are not valid it can be big issues in politic.
(B) Editing
The differences between the online media and print media are the information that had written can be editing by someone in their own blogs. But in print media, once the report has print the information cannot be editing.
(C) Costs
The print media more costs that the online media. The print media need to pay the costs operating for printing and edition. Besides that, each issue in that print media also pay in different price. Usually depends on the content of pages, the size of column in the paper and the information. In other hand, most online media is free and usually less expensive than viewing in print media.
(D) Limitation of information/ validity
The information had written in print media are limited. This is because print media has to go through the printing process before it is available to its readers. In addition, the editors need some times to check the validity of the information before the printing process. In online media the readers can get the information as soon as it is available. With the advances in technology many people can now access the internet on their mobile phones, which grants them access to online media anytime anywhere.

2. What constitutes good and bad practice in online news?
The good what constitute in online news more details information about the issues and the readers not worry about the news are right or not. then online news also easy to be viral through mass media ang social media. Online media good because it has related issues which make easy to readers or people search and know more about the issues.
The bad practice in online news is the information not given fully information to readers. This is can show in Utusan Online where as they only state that about the death cases of heat stroke and the writer not give information about the causes and the prevention to avoid heat stroke
3. Recommendation?
Actually, both of the coverage are important to the people. For printed media such as newspaper and also journals, the information is valid and that's why people printed it to become the references. Beside that, the printed media also we can save it for the future references. For online media or online blog it good to people because it easy to access and people or reader may know the news immediately. When the people cannot buy the printed media such as newspaper, they will just access to the internet. In that case, the online media give a quick access to the reader.


Nursyamimi Saidi, (2016, April 6). Bahaya strok haba. Kuala Lumpur. Utusan Online.

Nazurah Hassan, (2016, April 11). Jangan buat 6 perkara ini semasa musim panas. Bahaya strok haba!. Sirap Limau Blog. Retrieved from

SumberInformasi(2016, April 12). Heat stroke.Retrieved:

Sinar Harian, (2016, April 10). Hati-hati serangan strok haba. Sinar Harian. Retrieved from:

VitaminKita, (2016, April 9). Strock haba: Awasi tanda-tanda awal. Retrieved from:

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